Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Counseling and Psychological Services
Kenneth Matheny - Committee Chair
Heather Kleider - Committee Member
Jeff S. Ashby - Committee Member
Phillip Gagne - Committee Member
Y. Barry Chung - Committee Member
The purpose of this study is to investigate the usefulness of a 20-minute brief mindfulness meditation in positively affecting mood and attention. Its effects were compared with the effects from a period of distraction and a control condition. The sample consisted of 63 veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Pre-post test of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule were used to assess levels of state anxiety and mood. The Stroop Task was employed as a measure of selective attention. A one-way analysis of variance and split-plot analysis of variance were conducted. To control high comorbidity within this sample, sub-analyses were conducted excluding participants with other psychological or physical conditions. The results revealed that meditators without sleep problems indicated greater selective attention levels. A negative mood decrease was found in all participants regardless of the intervention group assignment. Implications for research and practice were discussed.
Omonishi, Megumi, "Effects of Mindfulness Meditation and Distraction on Mood and Attention in Veterans with PTSD" (2009). Counseling and Psychological Services Dissertations. Paper 43.